ISSN 2398-2985  

Royal python


Synonym(s): Python regius, Ball python


Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia. 
  • Phylum: Chordata. 
  • Class: Reptilia. 
  • Order: Squamata. 
  • Suborder: Serpentes. 
  • Family: Pythonidae. 
  • Genus: Python
  • Species: regius

Distribution and habitat

  • Native to west Africa. 
  • Mainly found in countries such as Senegal, Mali, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ghana and Nigeria.
  • Usually found in savannas, grasslands and low wooded areas, however they can adapt to nearly any environment. 
  • Males are more tree bearing than females who are more terrestrial. 

Species status

  • Listed as of least concern by the IUCN. 
  • Threats include hunting for their meat and skin. 

Life span

  • In captivity, 20+ years, sometimes up to 40 years. 


  • Carnivorous.  
  • Mainly consists of mammals, including mice and rats Snake nutrition


  • Breeding takes place between September and November Snake reproduction
  • Females lay clutches of up to 11 large eggs. 
  • Incubation period is around 45-55 days. 

Biological Data

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Further Reading


Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Woburn Safari (2018) Royal Python. Website: Last accessed 17th April 2018. 
  • RSPCA (2015) Royal Python Care Sheet. Website: Last accessed 17th April 2018.
  • Graf A (2011) Python regius. Website: Last accessed 26th July 2018.
  • Auliya M & Schmitz A (2010) Python regius. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Website: Last accessed 26th July 2018.
  • Leck S, Klingenberg R & Fisher P (2005) Ball Python Pet Care. In: Unusual Pet Care Volume 1. Zoological Education Network Limited, USA.
  • O'Shea M & Halliday T (2002) Reptiles & Amphibians. Dorling Kindersley Ltd, UK. pp 123.
  • Luiselli & L Angelici F (1998) Sexual Size Dimorphism and Natural History Traits are Correlated with Intersexual Dietary Divergence in Royal Pythons (Python regius) from the Rainforests of Southeastern Nigeria. Italian J Zool. 65 & 183-185.

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