ISSN 2398-2985  

Burmese python

Jreptile
Contributor(s):

Synonym(s): Python bivittatus


Introduction

Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia. 
  • Phylum: Chordata. 
  • Class: Reptilia. 
  • Order: Squamata. 
  • Suborder: Serpentes. 
  • Family: Pythonidae. 
  • Genus: Python.
  • Species: bivittatus

Distribution and habitat

  • Native to Asia, the Burmese python can be found in countries, including India, Thailand, Cambodia, Hong Kong, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, China, Vietnam and Nepal.
  • Found in trees at a young age, adults are usually found on the ground, in jungles, grasslands, marshes, swamps and valleys. 
  • They can be found in water, will often submerge themselves in water and are strong swimmers.

Species status

  • Listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red list. 
  • Commonly used in the leather trade, pet trade and for herbal medicines. 
  • Other predators include alligators. 

Life span

  • In the wild, 20-25 years.
  • In captivity usually 25 years, sometimes older.

Diet

  • Carnivorous. 
  • Main diet incudes birds and small mammals, usually consisting of rodents, rabbits and birds Snake nutrition.  
  • As the individual grows, they require larger food sources.

Breeding

  • Breeding occurs in December-February in native countries; as solitary animals, this early spring; as solitary animals, this is the only time they will generally meet Snake reproduction
  • Females lay clutches of eggs usually in March or April. 
  • Females will remain with their eggs throughout the entire incubation period, which is usually for 2-4 months.
  • The female twitches and contracts her muscles to conduct heat to incubate her eggs.

As pets

  • Often sold as pets, however researching the species is advised.
Should be handled with care, as they can bite or constrict handlers. 

Predatory behavior

  • Burmese pythons will pounce on prey and use their muscles to constrict and then consume it.

Biological Data

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (2018) Nonnatives - Burmese python. Website: myfwc.com/wildlifehabitats. Last accessed 7th March 2018. 
  • National geographic (2018) Burmese Python. Website: www.nationalgeographic.com. Last accessed 7th March 2018.
  • Springfield Veterinary Group (2018) Burmese Python. Website: https://springfieldvetgroup.co.uk. Last accessed 15th June 2018 .
  • Angela Libal (2017) Burmese Python Diseases. Website: animals.mom.me. Last accessed 7th March 2018.
  • Herpetological Society of Ireland (2014) Burmese Python Care. Website: https://thehsi.org. Last accessed 15th June 2018 .
  • Girling S (2013) Common Reptile and Amphibian Diseases. In: Veterinary Nursing of Exotic Pets. 2nd edn. Wiley-Blackwell, UK. pp 297-313.
  • Stuart B et al (2012) Python bivittatus. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Website: www.iucnredlist.org. Last accessed 15th June 2018.
  • Vitt L & Caldwell J (2009) Classification and Diversity. In: Herpetolgy - An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. 3rd edn. Elsevier Saunders, USA. pp 563.
  • Meredith A et al (2002) Snakes. In: BSAVA Manual of Exotic Pets. 3rd edn. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, UK. pp 247.
MEMBER BENEFIT

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code