ISSN 2398-2985      

Digit/limb amputation

6guinea pig

Introduction

  • Complete or partial removal of a digit or limb where medical treatment is prohibited, has not been successful or repair surgery not possible Digit/limb trauma.

Uses

Advantages

  • Requires a shorter anesthetic than fracture fixation: one surgery required only, no need for implant removal.
  • Cheaper alternative to surgical fracture fixation:
    • Where finances are limited.
    • Where the animal does not qualify for a long anesthetic.
    • Where fractures are pathological, complicated or involve a joint space.
  • Fast recovery and mobility adaptation are usually seen.

Disadvantages

  • General anesthetic required.
  • Risk of hemorrhage.
  • Cosmetic change may be difficult for some owners to accept.
  • Frequent monitoring of the other limb needed.
  • Husbandry adjustments post-operatively:
    • Ensuring soft, pressure-absorbing bedding is provided to prevent development of pododermatitis in the other limb.
    • Grooming of the face restricted if front limb amputated.
    • Guinea pigs with hindlimb amputations might struggle ingesting cecotrophs.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Good to guarded depending if underlying pathology present.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Gallego M (2017) Case report of a satin guinea pig with fibrous osteodystrophy that resembles human pseudohypoparathyroidism. Case Rep Vet Med Hindawi.

Other sources of information

  • Hawkins M G & Bishop C R (2012) Disease Problems of Guinea Pigs. In: Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 3rd edn. Eds: Quesenberry K E & Carpenter J W. Elsevier. pp 295-310.

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