ISSN 2398-2985      

Cesarean section

6guinea pig

Introduction

  • An uncommon procedure in guinea pigs performed in cases of dystocia Dystocia unresponsive to medical treatment.
  • Most cases of dystocia require surgical management.

Maternal factors

  • Uterine inertia unresponsive to medical treatment.
  • Small pelvic canal:
    • In guinea pigs the most common cause for dystocia is an incomplete relaxation of the pubic symphysis.
    • Usually seen in sows over >7 months of age.
  • Uterine torsion.
  • Obesity.

Fetal factors

  • Fetal size:
    • Guinea pigs have precocial young, which are bigger than the average, rodent fetus size.
    • Large litters in young, small sows can cause dystocia.
  • Malpresentation.
  • Death.
  • Deformity.

Elective

  • Due to the high risk of anesthesia, elective cesarean sections are contraindicated.
  • Although pelvic pubic symphysis fusion is recognized in sows over 7 months of age, many sows will deliver the young naturally with no complications over this age.

Uses

Advantages

  • Can increase the survival chances for the sow with dystocia as well as the fetus.

Disadvantages

  • High risk of anesthesia.
  • Potential for surgical complications.
  • Fetal hypoxia is a risk.
  • Higher cost than medical management.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Guarded.
  • The need for caesarean section surgery is rare in guinea pigs.
  • Many patients will be presented late in the delivery process and often when dystocia has been taking place for a long time.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Bennett R A (2012) Soft Tissue Surgery. In: Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. Eds: Carpenter J W & Quesenberry K E. 3rd edn. Elsevier Saunders, USA. pp 329-330.
  • Pollock C G (2012) Disorders of the Urinary and Reproductive Systems. In: Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. Eds: Carpenter J W & Quesenberry K E. 3rd ed. Elsevier Saunders, USA. pp 57-59.

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