ISSN 2398-2985      

Morphine

6guinea pig
Contributor(s):

Vetstream Ltd

Mark Naguib


Introduction

Name

  • Morphine.

Class of drug

  • Opioid analgesic.

Description

Chemical name

  • (5α,6α)-7,8-didehydro- 4,5-epoxy-17-methylmorphinan-3,6-diol.

Molecular formula

  • C17H19NO3.

Storage requirements

  • Must be stored in a locked safe and its use recorded in a logbook.

Uses

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Indications

  • A narcotic analgesic used primarily as a pre-anesthetic agent.
  • Peri-operative and severe traumatic pain relief.
  • Extradural analgesia.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

CNS depressants (anesthetics, antihistamines, barbiturates, phenothiazines, tranquilizers)
  • Enhanced central nervous system (CNS) or respiratory depression may occur.

with diagnostic tests

Plasma amylase or lipase
  • As narcotic analgesics can increase biliary tract pressure, levels may be increased for up to 24 h after drug administration.

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Heard D J (1993) Principles and techniques of anaesthesia and analgesia for exotic practice. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 23, 1301-1327 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Meredith A (2015) Ed. BSAVA Small Animal Formulary. Part B: Exotic Pets. 9th edn. BSAVA, UK. ISBN: 1905319827.
  • Flecknell P A (2002) Guinea Pigs. In: BSAVA Manual of Exotic Pets. 4th edn. Eds: Meredith A & Redrobe S. BSAVA, UK. pp 52-64.

Organisation(s)

  • National Office of Animal Health (NOAH) Compendium of Data Sheets for Animal Medicines. Website: www.noahcompendium.co.uk.
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