ISSN 2398-2985      

Chlorhexidine

6guinea pig

Synonym(s): Hibiscrub, Malaseb, Microbex, Savlon, Chlorohex, CLX wipes, Otodine, TrizChlor, Viatop, Chloraprep, Chlorascrub, Avagard, Betasept, Biopatch, Chlorostat, Hibiclens, Hibistat


Introduction

Name

  • Chlorhexidine gluconate.

Class of drug

  • Antiseptic.

Description

Chemical name

  • N,N′′-Bis(4-chlorophenyl)-3,12-diimino- 2,4,11,13-tetraazatetradecanediimidamide di-d-gluconate.

Molecular formula

  • C22H30Cl2N10•2C6H12O7.

Molecular weight

  • 505.446.

Uses

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Indications

  • To clean and prepare the skin before surgery and before injections, at 2-4%
  • To clean wounds (at 0.05%).
  • For topical treatment of skin infections. Generally needs to be combined with systemic antimicrobials.
  • Topical treatment of mild pruritus.
  • Included in many products: shampoos, ear cleaners, etc.
  • It is not inactivated by organic matter.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

Precautions

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Meredith A (2015) Ed Small Animal Formulary. Part B: Exotic Pets. 9th edn. BSAVA, UK.

Organisation(s)

  • National Office of Animal Health (NOAH) Compendium of Data Sheets for Animal Medicines. Website: www.noahcompendium.co.uk.
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