ISSN 2398-2985      

Anesthesia: monitoring - respiratory

6guinea pig

Introduction

  • Respiratory function should be closely monitored during anesthesia.
  • Drugs commonly used in anesthetic protocols Anesthesia protocols for guinea pigs can produce apnea, ventilatory depression, hypoxemia and hypercapnia.
  • Obesity and body positions where viscera compress the small thoracic cavity of guinea pigs can also produce respiratory problems.
  • Surgeons used to performing surgery in larger species, eg dogs, can inadvertently compress the chest of guinea pigs. Proper patient positioning, good surgical technique and the use of plastic drapes to better visualize the patient help prevent this.

Pre-anesthetic

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Monitoring respiratory function during anesthesia

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Visual assessment

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Capnography

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Arterial blood gas

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Pulse oximetry

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Preventing respiratory problems

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Correcting oxygenation/respiratory problems

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • d’Ovidio D, Marino F, Noviello E et al (2018) Sedative effects of intramuscular alfaxalone in pet guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Vet Anaesthesia Analgesia 45 (2), 183-189 PubMed.
  • Standford M (2004) Practical use of capnography in exotic animal anesthesia. Exotic DVM 6 (3), 57-60 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Ozeki L & Caulkett N (2014) Monitoring. In: Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia. 2nd edn. Eds: West G, Heard D & Caulkett N. Wiley Blackwell, USA. pp 43-51.

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