ISSN 2398-2985      

Cryptosporidiosis

6guinea pig

Synonym(s): Cryptosporidium wrairi infection


Introduction

  • Cause: infection with Cryptosporidium wrairi.
  • Signs: diarrhea, dehydration, anorexia, failure to gain weight, weight loss, lethargy, emaciation, death particularly in weanlings and immunosuppressed cavies, coat may have a greasy-like appearance, perineum may be stained.
  • Diagnosis: identification of oocysts in feces – flotation, or immunoassay.
  • Treatment: supportive care only.
  • Prognosis: guarded in pups, weanlings, immunosuppressed; good in previously healthy if supported with dehydration prevention.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Ingestion of Cryptosporidium wrairi oocysts from contaminated food, water, fomites.

Predisposing factors

General

  • Immunosuppression - any cause.

Specific

  • Pups, weanlings.

Pathophysiology

  • Organisms invade the mucosa of the jejunum, ileum, and cecum. 
  • Morbidity and mortality rates in young animals range from negligible to up to 50%.

Timecourse

  • Rapid after ingestion - usually just a few days.

Epidemiology

  • Ingestion of shed oocysts in feces, contact with contaminated, soiled bedding, fomites.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Hawkins M G & Bishop C R (2012) Disease Problems of Guinea Pigs. In: Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 3rd edn. Eds: Quesenberry K E & Carpenter J W. Elsevier. pp 295-310.
  • Percy D H & Barthold S W (2007) Guinea Pigs. In: Pathology of Laboratory Rodents and Rabbits. 3rd edn. Eds: Percy D H & Barthold S W. Blackwell Publishing. pp 217-251.
  • Hrapkiewicz K & Medina L (2007) Clinical Laboratory Animal Medicine an Introduction. 3rd edn. Blackwell Publishing. pp 171-172.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code