ISSN 2398-2985      

Cheilitis

6guinea pig

Synonym(s): Inflammation of the lips, Sores around the mouth, Scabs of the lips


Introduction

  • Cause: unknown.
  • Signs: inflammation of the lips, scabs or sores along the mucocutaneous junction of the lips.
  • Diagnosis: signs, cytology, biopsy with histopathology, culture of lesions.
  • Treatment: topical treatmemnt, oral NSAIDs, supportive care, supplemental vitamin C.
  • Prognosis: fair.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Speculated multifactorial.
  • Trauma to corners of the mouth by coarse, fibrous hay or sharp pieces of pelleted feeds or sunflower seed hulls which allows opportunistic bacteria and fungi into the tissues via the lacerations and abrasions.
  • Most vulnerable at the mucocutaneous junction.
  • Organisms reported to be cultured include Staphylococcus spp, Candida albicans Candida albicans.
  • Possible link with nutritional deficiencies including vitamin C deficiency Vitamin C deficiency, vitamins A, B; fatty acids, protein, mineral and trace elements such as Mg, Zn, Mn

Predisposing factors

General

  • As listed above for etiology - factors largely unknown.

Pathophysiology

  • Trauma with abrasions, lacerations to lips, mucocutaneous junction which may allow opportunistic bacteria and fungi into the tissues.

Timecourse

  • Unknown, but likely over the course of at least several days, usually weeks.
  • When presented, history relayed is that the owner had noticed some decrease or changes in eating/drinking and excessive lip movement, but had not closely examined until clearly visible scabs, sores or swelling was apparent.

Epidemiology

  • Speculated that it might be contagious, but not proven.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

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