ISSN 2398-2985      

Candidiasis

6guinea pig

Synonym(s): Candida spp fungal/yeast infection


Introduction

  • Cause: Candida albicans is part of the normal enteric flora of guinea pigs; overgrowth may occur due to antibiotic therapy.
  • Signs: diarrhea; may have oral lesions similar to thrush in other species or white spots.
  • Diagnosis: gram stain of stool will show large numbers of yeast organisms: culture, cytology of sample of oral lesions.
  • Treatment: fluid therapy, assisted feeding, NSAIDs initially; itraconazole, ketoconazole, nystatin.
  • Prognosis: good.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Candida albicans Candida albicans are part of normal enteric flora in guinea pigs in small numbers.
  • Overgrowth can occur most commonly due to antibiotic usage that disrupts the normal gut flora.

Predisposing factors

General

  • Use of antibiotics that disrupt the normal balance of gut flora.

Specific

  • If other disease processes present, further disruption of gut flora can occur. Any disease affecting gut motility can disrupt the gut flora.

Pathophysiology

  • Candida albicans can multiply in the presence of natural sugars and when balance of normal gut flora is disrupted.

Timecourse

  • May occur during an antibiotic therapy course.

Epidemiology

  • Candida albicans is already present in normal guinea pig gut.
  • It is also present in the environment.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

Other sources of information

  • Ward M L (2009) Rodents: Digestive System Disorders.  In: BSAVA Manual of Rodents and Ferrets. Eds: Keeble E & Meredith A. British Small Animal Veterinary Association. pp 123-141.

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