ISSN 2398-2985      

Bruxism

6guinea pig

Synonym(s): Teeth grinding


Introduction

  • Cause: pain, eg dental disease causing malocclusion with discomfort and abnormal chewing surfaces.
  • Signs: tooth grinding while at rest, dental/oral mouth movements abnormal during chewing, audible sounds of teeth grinding when not eating, there may be excessive salivation due to dental disease.
  • Diagnosis: physical examination to determine cause of pain; full workup including bloodwork, body radiographs, etc; oral/dental examination including radiographs; CT scan of head may be best to see dental problems.
  • Treatment: analgesics for pain; correct inciting problem and cause of pain; dental disease may require tooth adjustment, surgery.
  • Prognosis: depending on cause of the pain, may be poor to good. Some dental conditions and visceral causes of pain may be difficult to correct.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Guinea pigs will exhibit bruxism as a response to pain:
    • They will also do so with malocclusion and dental disease Dental disease.
    • Consider that mouth irritation, malocclusion is uncomfortable.
    • Pain may be anywhere in the body.

Predisposing factors

General

Specific

Females with ovarian cysts may have abdominal pain and exhibit bruxism.
 

Pathophysiology

  • Guinea pigs will grind their teeth in response to pain.
  • They will also do so with dental disease, malocclusion, mouth irritation.

Timecourse

  • Variable depending on cause of pain, discomfort.

Epidemiology

  • Individual problem.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

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