ISSN 2398-2985      

Ovariohysterectomy

4ferrets

Synonym(s): OHE, Ovariosalpingectomy, Salpingectomy, Salpingotomy, Spay, Neutering


Introduction

  • Ferrets are seasonally induced ovulators remaining in estrus until they are mated or for as long as daylight lasts longer than 12 h.
  • Hyperestrogenism results in a potentially fatal anemia Prolonged estrus.
  • Ovariohysterectomy is a surgical option for permanent contraception, prevention of hyperestrogenism, removal of reproductive tract neoplasia, and treatment of pyometra
  • It is recommended to perform this surgery before the age of 6 months and onset of first estrus:
    • Ovariohysterectomy can be performed within one month of first vulvar swelling.
    • Animals presenting with advanced signs of estrus should undergo surgery when the season has finished. In the meantime, the ferret should be brought out of estrus by either mating or the use of proligestone.
Print off the Owner factsheets on Caring for your ferret before and after surgery and Neutering - why and when? to give to your clients.

Uses

Advantages

  • Avoids recurrent estrus and hyperestrogenism which can be fatal.
  • Technically easy surgery requiring basic surgical experience.
  • Cheaper alternative to GnRH agonist deslorelin implant Deslorelin.

Disadvantages

  • Requires surgical intervention carrying a risk of anesthesia, hemorrhage, infection, and wound breakdown.
  • Due to the loss of negative feedback loop, there is a risk of hyperadrenocorticism Hyperadrenocorticism / hyperandrogenism development later in life which needs to be discussed with the owner.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Good.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Lloyd M (2002) Veterinary care of ferrets: 1. Clinical examination and routine procedures. In Pract (24), 95 InPractice.

Other sources of information

  • Hedley J (2020) Ed. BSAVA Small Animal Formulary. Part B: Exotic Pets. 10th edn. BSAVA, UK.
  • Lightfoot T, Rubinstein J, Aiken S et al (2011) Soft Tissue Surgery. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery. Eds: Quesenberry K & Carpenter J W. Elsevier, USA. pp 154.
  • Capello V (2009) Ferrets: Common Surgical Procedures In: BSAVA Manual of Rodents and Ferrets. Eds: Keeble E & Meredith A. BSAVA, UK. pp 257.

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