ISSN 2398-2985      

Urinalysis: overview

4ferrets

Overview

  • Urinalysis is an inexpensive test that can be easily and quickly performed in most veterinary practices.
  • Results can provide useful information and should be part of the minimum database for a patient.
  • Results can often help veterinarians diagnose both urinary tract disorders and systemic diseases.

Sampling

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Tests

Methodologies

​​Physical appearance
  • Color.
  • Turbidity.
Chemical analsysis
  • Warm refrigerated sample to room temperature.
  • Mix the urine specimen thoroughly.
  • Pipette urine onto test pads.
  • Hold horizontally to avoid run-off between pads.
  • Read test at correct interval.
  • Determine specific gravity by refractometer; test dipstick specific gravity is not accurate.
Microscopic examination
  • Centrifuge at 3000 rpm for 5 min.
  • Decant supernatant.
    • EITHER add 1 drop of sedistain or a supravital stain such as Sternheimer-Malbin to the sediment.
    • OR leave 0.5 ml urine in centrifuge tube.
  • Re-suspend sediment by tapping the centrifuge tube.
  • Transfer one drop of sediment to a microscope slide and place a coverslip over it.
  • Lower the condenser on the microscope to improve contrast.
  • Systematically examine the slide under a low power objective, assessing quantity and type of sediment.
  • Examine sediment under the high power objective to assess cell morphology and to detect bacteria, crystals and cells within the sample.

Availability

  • All veterinary practices.
  • External laboratories.

Result Data

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Duhamelle A, Langlois I & Desmarchelier M (2015) Transient diabetes mellitus in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo). Can Vet J 56 (7), 737-740 PubMed.
  • Eshar D, Wyre N R & Brown D C (2012) Urine specific gravity values in clinically healthy young pet ferrets (Mustela furo). Journal of Small Animal Practice 53, 115–119 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Quesenberry K E & Orcutt C (2012) Basic Approach to Veterinary Care. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 3rd edn. Eds: Quesenberry K E & Carpenter J W. Elsevier Saunders, USA. pp 13-26.
  • Lennox A (2009) Ferrets: Clinical pathology. In: BSAVA Manual of Ferrets and Rodents. Eds: Keeble E & Meredith A. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, UK. pp 230-236.
  • Schoemaker N J (2009) Ferrets: endocrine and neoplastic diseases. In: BSAVA Manual of Ferrets and Rodents. Eds: Keeble E & Meredith A. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, UK. pp 320-329.

MEMBER BENEFIT

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code