ISSN 2398-2985      

Heart examination

4ferrets
Contributor(s):

Agata Witkowska

Sarah Brown


Introduction

Rationale for technique

  • A thorough examination of the cardiovascular system is an essential part of a full clinical examination.
  • Primary heart disease is relatively common in pet ferrets.
  • A methodical examination is important to act as a basis from which to select appropriate further diagnostic tests and evaluate severity of disease:
    • Any small changes in parameters or behavior should be considered as possibly significant.
    • A full history of husbandry should always be collected prior to performing a clinical examination. If a patient does not present as an emergency, then it is helpful to have clients fill in a husbandry form prior to the appointment.

Signalment

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Technical problems

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History

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Clinical examination

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Cardiac auscultation

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Further investigations

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Wagner R A (2009) Ferret cardiology. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 12 (1), 115-134 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Morrisey J K & Malakoff R L (2021) Cardiovascular and Other Diseases of Ferrets. In: Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents. Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 4th edn. Eds: Quesenberry, K E, Orcutt C J, Mans C & Carpernter J W. Elsevier. pp 55-70.
  • Van Zeeland Y & Schoemaker N (2017) Disorders of the Cardiovascular System. In: Ferret Medicine and Surgery. Eds: Johnson-Delaney C. CRC Press, USA, pp 127-159.
  • Orcutt C & Malakoff R (2009) Ferrets: Cardiovascular and Respiratory System Disorders. In: BSAVA Manual of Rodents and Ferrets. 5th edn. Eds: Meredith A & Johnson-Delaney C. BSAVA, UK. pp 282-287.
  • Chitty J (2009) Ferrets: Physical Examination and Emergency Care. In: BSAVA Manual of Rodents and Ferrets. Eds: Keeble E & Meredith A. BSAVA, UK. pp 205-210.

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