ISSN 2398-2985      

Anesthesia: monitoring - heart

4ferrets

Introduction

  • Monitoring heart function is paramount in anesthesia.
  • Due to the high metabolic rate of ferrets, any cardiovascular problem during anesthesia may have very serious and rapid consequences for the patient.
  • Heart function should be monitored during the pre-anesthetic, anesthetic and post-anesthetic periods.
  • Different ways to monitor cardiovascular function include physical examination with auscultation (stethoscope), electrocardiography, doppler, pulse oximetry Anesthesia: monitoring - pulse oximetry and blood pressure.

Physical examination with stethoscope

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Electrocardiography

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Doppler

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Blood pressure

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Van Zeeland Y R A, Wilde A, Bosman I H et al (2017) Non-invasive blood pressure measurement in ferrets (Mustela putorius furo) using high definition oscillometry. Vet J 228, 53-62 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Johnson-Delaney C A (2017) Eds. Ferret Medicine and Surgery. CRC Press, USA. pp 514.
  • Mayer J & Donnelly T M (2013) Eds. Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Birds and Exotic Pets. Elsevier, USA. pp 752.

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