ISSN 2398-2977      

Vulva: Caslick operation

pequis

Synonym(s): Windsucking operation, episioplasty


Introduction

  • Pneumovagina Vagina: pneumovagina is the involuntary aspiration of air into the vagina - caused by faulty vulval lip closure as a result of poor conformation Vulva: conformation or injury Vulva: poor conformation 02Vulva: 80 degree vulval conformation.
  • The aspiration of air and other material, particularly feces → chronic reproductive tract inflammation, infection and infertility.
  • Correction of pneumovagina is multifactorial, but Caslick's operation (episioplasty) remains the most common surgical treatment.

Uses

Advantages

  • Simple, standing procedure.
  • Relatively cheap.

Disadvantages

  • The Caslick's operation requires repeated opening and repair for breeding and parturition.
  • Repetition of the procedure, particularly with excessive removal of labial tissue, can → excessive scarring, loss of labial tissue and plasticity, and eventual failure of the technique Vulva: conformation 02 - after Pouret and Caslick operation.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Seabaugh K A & Schumacher J (2014) Urogenital surgery performed with the mare standing. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 30 (1), 191-209 PubMed.
  • Beard W (1991) Standing urogenital surgery. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract (3), 669-684 (Review) PubMed.
  • Ricketts S W & Curnow E W M (1988) Caslick's vulvoplasty for the correction of pneumovagina in mares. In Practice 10, 204-208.

Other sources of information

  • Dascanio J J (2014) Caslick Operation or Vulvoplasty. In: Equine Reproductive Procedures. Eds: Dascanio J J & McCue P M.
  • Bradecamp E A (2011) Pneumovagina. In: Equine Reproduction. Eds: McKinnon A O, Squires E L, Vaala W E & Varner D D. Wiley Blackwell, UK. pp 2537-2541.

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