ISSN 2398-2977      

Urinary system: endoscopy

pequis

Introduction

Uses

  • Examination of the entire urethra.
  • Visualization of the ureteral openings into the bladder.
  • Greatest use in confirming and evaluating bladder tumors and stones, sabulous cystitis, ectopic ureter location and source of hematuria   Urine: hematuria  .
  • It is possible to catheterize the ureters under endoscopic guidance in the bladder.

Advantages

  • Relatively non-invasive.
  • Allows direct visualization of lumen of caudal urinary tract.

Disadvantages

  • Requires suitable instrument.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Good following cystoscopy, but varies according to the primary condition and diagnosis.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Nolen-Walston R (2014) Venous air embolism during cystoscopy in standing horses. Equine Vet Educ 26 (3), 138-140 VetMedResource.
  • Romagnoli R et al (2014) Suspected venous air embolism during urinary tract endoscopy in a standing horse. Equine Vet Educ 26 (3), 134-137 VetMedResource.
  • Parquel S G et al (2013) Ureteropyeloscopicanatomy of the renal pelvis of the horseEquine Vet J 45, 31-38 PubMed.
  • Aleman M et al (2011) Ulcerative cystitis associated with phenylbutazone administration in two horses. JAVMA 239 (4) 499-503 PubMed.
  • Menzies-Gow N (2007) Diagnostic endoscopy of the urinary tract of the horseIn Pract 29 (4) 208-213 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Schott H C & Varner D D (1997) Urinary Tract. In: Equine Endoscopy. 2nd edn. Eds: Traub-Dargatz J L & Brown C M. C V Mosby, USA.

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