ISSN 2398-2977      

Therapeutics: skin

pequis

Principles

  • Consider likely benefits and possible undesirable consequences.
  • Accurate diagnosis essential for effective and economic treatment.
  • Record history and physical examination findings to allow accurate assessment of response to treatment.
  • Decide whether topical or systemic medication is best to treat the condition:
    • Topical/local: 
      • High local concentrations.
      • Minimal systemic side effects.
      • Reduced overall drug quantity required.
      • Economic benefit.
    • Systemic:
      • Required for deeper skin conditions, extensive lesions or where skin lesions are part of a systemic disorder.
    • Non-specific symptomatic therapy can often be beneficial, eg:
      • Topical anti-pruritic agents.
      • Emollient creams.
      • Shampoos.

Antiseptics/disinfectants

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Antiviral agents

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Antibiotics

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Antifungal agents

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Ectoparasiticides

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Knottenbelt D C (2019) The equine sarcoid: why are there so many treatment options? Vet Clin Equine 35 (2), 243-262 PubMed.
  • Leise B S (2018) Topical wound medications. Vet Clin Equine 34 (3), 485-498 PubMed.
  • Leclere M (2017) Corticosteroids and immune suppressive therapies in horses. Vet Clin Equine 33 (1), 17-27 PubMed.
  • Haggett E F & Wilson W D (2008) Overview of the use of antimicrobials for the treatment of bacterial infections in horses. Equine Vet Educ 20 (8), 433-448 VetMedResource.
  • Rendle D I, Cottle H J, Love S & Hughes K J (2007) Comparative study of doramectin and fipronil in the treatment of equine chorioptic mange. Vet Rec 161 (10), 335-338 PubMed.
  • Knottenbelt D C & Walker J A (1994) Topical treatment of the equine sarcoid. Equine Vet Educ 6 (2), 72-75 VetMedResource.
  • Bowers J R, Huntington P J & Slocombe R F (1994) Efficacy of Cimetidine for therapy of skin tumors of horses - 10 cases. Aust Equine Vet 12 (1), 30-32 VetMedResource.
  • Blackwood L & Dobson J M (1994) Radiotherapy in the horse. Equine Vet Educ (2), 95-99 VetMedResource.
  • Bertone A L & McClure J J (1990) Therapy for sarcoids. Comp Cont Educ Prac Vet 12 (2), 262-265 VetMedResource.
  • Goetz T E, Ogilvie G K, Keegan K G & Johnson P J (1990) Cimetidine for the treatment of melanoma in 3 horses. JAVMA 196 (3), 449-452 PubMed.
  • Auer D E & Seawright A (1984) Illness in horses following spraying with Amitraz. Aust Vet J 61 (8), 257-260 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Knottenbelt D C, Patterson-Kane J C & Snalune K L (2015) Clinical Equine Oncology. Elsevier, UK.
  • Scott D W & Miller W H (2011) Equine Dermatology. 2nd edn. Saunders, USA.
  • Knottenbelt D C (2009) Pascoe’s Principles and Practice of Equine Dermatology. 2nd edn. Saunders, USA.
  • Scott D W (1988) Large Animal Dermatology. W B Saunders, USA.

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