ISSN 2398-2977      

Heart: examination - overview

pequis
Contributor(s):

Introduction

  • A thorough examination of the cardiovascular system is essential as part of a full clinical examination.
  • In particular it forms part of the pre-purchase examination   Pre-purchase examination  and pre-anesthetic evaluation.
  • In horses where cardiac disease   Heart: disease - overview  is suspected, a methodical examination is important to act as a basis from which to select appropriate further diagnostic tests and to evaluate the severity of disease.
  • All findings must be considered in the context of the athletic requirements for the individual horse.
  • To assess this, a full history complete with details of athletic performance must be obtained.
Print off the Owner factsheet Heart murmurs, Investigating heart problems, Normal parameters and vital signs to give to your clients.

Signalment

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History

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Clinical examination

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Cardiac auscultation

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Further investigation

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Fregin G F (1992) Medical evaluation of the cardiovascular system. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract (2), 329-346 PubMed.
  • Reef V B (1985) Evaluation of the equine cardiovascular system. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract (2), 275-288 PubMed.
  • Gerring E L (1984) Clinical examination of the equine heart. Equine Vet J 16 (6), 552-555 PubMed.

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