ISSN 2398-2977      

Emergency resuscitation

pequis

Introduction

  • The function of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems is to supply oxygenated blood to the tissues and remove waste products.
  • Cardiopulmonary arrest is defined by absence of systole and/or failure of venticular contraction and cardiac output.
  • Sustained interruption of ventilation, cardiac output, and tissue perfusion will eventually cause irreversible cardiopulmonary arrest.
  • Resuscitation includes patients requiring Advanced Life Support (ALS) through assisted ventilation and cardiac support.
  • A table of what to do in an emergency, including those that may result in cardiopulmonary arrest, with drug dosages, should be displayed in key areas of the clinic.
  • Drug dosages should be calculated and labeled in ml for different horse weights on the bottles and on the chart.
  • Emergency resuscitation drug kits should be assembled, readily accessible, and regularly checked to ensure all necessary drugs are present and in date.
  • Success depends on speed of detection and intervention.
  • See also Foal: resuscitation and care.

Causes of cardiopulmonary emergencies in the equine patient

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Identifying and performing emergency resuscitation

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Conclusion

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Other conditions requiring emergency resuscitation

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • de Solis C N (2020) Ventricular arrhythmias in horses: Diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. The Vet J 10, 54-76 PubMed.
  • Jokisalo J M & Corley K T T (2014) CPR in the neonatal foal: has RECOVER changed our approach. Vet Clin Equine 30 (2), 301-316 PubMed.
  • Wagner A E et al (1997) Arterial blood pressure monitoring in anesthetized animals. JAVMA 210, 1279-1284 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Clark-Price S & Divers T J (2008) Anesthesia for Field Emergencies and Euthanasia. In: Equine Emergencies, Treatment and Procedures. Eds: Orsini J A & Divers T J. Saunders, USA. pp 661-670. ISBN: 9781416036098.
  • Taylor P M & Clarke K W (1999) Routine for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation after Cardiac Arrest. In: Handbook of Equine Anaesthesia. Saunders, USA. pp 139-142. ISBN: 0702018066.
  • Riebold T W, Geiser D R & Goble D O (1995) Large Animal Anesthesia. Principles and techniques. 2nd edn. Iowa State University Press, USA. pp 83-140 & 174-204.

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