ISSN 2398-2977      

Anesthesia: recovery - complications

pequis

Introduction

  • For the purposes of this article, the recovery period may be considered as the time following cessation of a general anesthetic during which full consciousness returns and is fraught with potential problems for horses. It must be noted however, that the manifestation of some complications may be delayed   Anesthesia: recovery - overview  .
  • The Confidential Enquiry into Perioperative Equine Fatalities (CEPEF) reported a mortality rate of 0.9% for non-colic horses and 11.7 % for horses undergoing emergency abdominal surgery. 
  • Many of the cited causes of perioperative mortality and morbidity only manifest during the recovery period, and therefore many attempts have been made to smooth the transition from unconsciousness to consciousness. 
  • A calm horse is a pre-requisite for a smooth recovery, and violent attempts to stand can have disastrous consequences. However, disasters can also occur during apparently smooth recoveries!

Inhalational vs intravenous - which is better?

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Other factors which may affect recovery quality

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Complications

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Simple techniques to improve recovery

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Assisted recovery

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Auckburally A & Flaherty D (2009) Recovery from anaesthesia in horses: 2. Avoiding complications. In Pract 31 (8), 362-369.
  • Auckburally A & Flaherty D (2009) Recovery from anaesthesia in horses: 1. What can go wrong? In Pract 31 (7), 340-347.
  • Johnston G M, Eastment J K, Wood J L N et al (2002) The confidential enquiry into perioperative equine fatalities (CEPEF): mortality results of phases 1 and 2. Vet Anaes Analg 29, 159-170. 

Other sources of information

  • Muir W W & Hubbell J A E (2009) Equine Anesthesia: Monitoring & Emergency Therapy. 2nd edn. Elsevier, USA.
  • Doherty T & Valverde A (2006) Manual of Equine Anesthesia & Analgesia. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, UK.
  • The Confidential Enquiry into Perioperative Equine Fatalities (CEPEF). Website: www.cepef.info.

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