ISSN 2398-2977      

Anesthesia: peri-operative complications - anaphylaxis - urticarial reactions

pequis

Definition

  • Anaphylaxis   Anaphylaxis  is a type-I IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction involving mast cells and basophils.
  • Anaphylactoid reactions are a direct non-immune-mediated release of mediators from mast cells and/or basophils or result from direct complement activation. Clinical symptoms similar to anaphylaxis.
  • In humans the incidence of anaphylaxis under anesthesia ranges from 1 in 3,500 to 1 in 13,000.
  • A clinical syndrome that will affect multiple organs.
  • Unanticipated and often very sudden in onset.
  • Urticaria   Urticaria / angiedema  is skin swellings that pit with digital pressure often associated with immediate-type hypersensitivity reaction.

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Drugs involved

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Management

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Hepner D L & Castells M C (2003) Anaphylaxis during the perioperative period. Anaesthesia Analgesia 97 (5), 1381-1395 PubMed.
  • Neilson I L, Jacobs K A, Huntington P J, Chapman C D & Lloyd K C (1988) Adverse reaction to procaine penicillin G in horses. Australian Vet J 65 (6), 181-185 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Bishop Y (1998) Ed. The Veterinary Formulary. 4th edn. British Veterinary Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code