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Anesthesia: local - overview

pequis

Synonym(s): Local anesthesia


Definition

  • Local anesthesia is a technique used to induce the reversible absence of sensation (anesthesia) in a part of the body (loca).
  • It involves the administration of local anesthetic agents which prevent the transmission of noxious stimuli via the peripheral and central nervous system, to the brain.

Introduction

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Physiology

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Pharmacology of local anesthetics

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Classes of local blocks

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Complications

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Michou J & Leece E (2012) Sedation and analgesia in the standing horse 2. Local anaesthesia and analgesia techniques. In Pract 34 (10), 578-587.
  • Nieto J E, Rakestraw P C, Snyder J R & Vatistas N J (2000) In vitro effects of erythromycin, lidocaine and metoclopramide on smooth muscle from the pyloric antrum, proximal portion of the duodenum, and middle portion of the jejunum of horses. Am J Vet Res 61, 413-419 PubMed.
  • Doherty T & Frazier D (1998) Effect of intravenous lidocaine on halothane minimum alveolar concentration in ponies. Equine Vet J 30 (4), 300-303 PubMed.
  • Muir W W (1998) Anesthesia and pain management in horses. Equine Vet Educ 10 (6), 335-340.

Other sources of information

  • Dugdale A (2010) Veterinary Anaesthesia: Principles to Practice. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Skarda R T & Tranquilli W J (2007) Local and Regional Anesthetic and Analgesic techniques: Horses. In: Lumb & Jones' Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia. Blackwell Publishing.
  • Muir W W, Hubbell J A E & Skarda R (1989) Handbook of Veterinary Anesthesia. Mosby.

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