ISSN 2398-2977      

Spine: supraspinous bursa - bursitis

pequis

Synonym(s): Septic supraspinous bursitis, fistulous withers


Introduction

  • Chronic infection originating in the supraspinous bursa, extending to theligamentum nuchaeand dorsal spinous processes with time.
  • Cause: two forms recognized: idiopathic (most common) and traumatic.Brucella abortus (not common in traumatic form),Actinomyces bovis andOnchocerca cervicalis  Onchocerca cervicalis  are commonly associated with the condition.
  • Signs: painful swelling at dorsal aspect of base of neck or either side of withers.
  • Diagnosis: bacteriological culture of fluid aspirates or tissue biopsy.
  • Treatment: antimicrobials +/- surgical drainage/debridement.
  • Prognosis: high rate of recurrence.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Specific

  • Exposure to cattle or grazing cattle pasture in regions with high incidence of bovine brucellosis.

Pathophysiology

  • Two forms recognized: idiopathic (typical) and traumatic (atypical).

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Auer J A & Stick J E (1999) Eds. Equine Surgery. 2nd edn. W B Saunders.

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