ISSN 2398-2977      

Intestine: enteritis

pequis
Contributor(s):

Prof Jonathon Naylor


Introduction

  • Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a cause of chronic inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Cause: unknown.
  • Signs: weight loss, inappetance and edema.
  • Diagnosis: clinical signs, rectal findings, and gut biopsy.
  • Treatment: supportive therapy, eg fluids, intestinal adsorbants, probsotics etc.
  • Prognosis: poor if eosinophilic enteritis.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Unknown.

Pathophysiology

  • Inciting cause (unknown)   →   mucosal inflammation, and the infiltration of the gut wall with eosinophilic cells.
  • Villous atropy and leakage of protein and electrolyte may follow   →   decreased reabsorption of water from the feces.
  • Skin lesions also occur, and often are the presenting problem.
  • Mucosal inflammation and infiltration   →   protein losing enteropathy and loss of fluid, as well as lack of reabsorption of water due to villous atrophy, another consequence of gut wall inflammation.
  • Reduced carbohydrate absorption, hypoalbuminemia, and hypoproteinemia commonly occur.
  • Diffuse eosinophilic infitration of the regional lymph nodes, and organs adjacent to the gut as well as extra-intestinal tissues such as the skin also occurs.
  • Skin lesions are a common feature.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Blunden A S, Smith K C, Neal H N & Dugdale D J (2006) Enteritis associated with infection by Campylobacter jejuni in two Thoroughbred foals. Equine Vet Educ 18 (1), 8-10 VetMedResource.
  • Swain J M, Licka T, Rhind S M & Hudson N P (2003) Multifocal eosinophilic enteritis associated with a small intestinal obstruction in a standardbred horse. Vet Rec 24 (152), 645-651 PubMed.
  • Lindberg R et al (1996) Rectal biopsy diagnosis in horses with clinical signs of intestinal disorders, a retrospective study of 116 cases. Equine Vet J 28 (4), 275-284 PubMed.
  • Love S, Mair T S & Hillyer M H (1992) Chronic diarrhea in adult horses - a review of 51 referred cases. Vet Rec 130 (11), 217-219 PubMed.
  • Cohen N D et al (1992) Eosinophilic gastroenteritis with encapsulated nematodes in a horse. JAVMA 200 (10), 1518-1520 PubMed.
  • Pass D A et al (1982) Chronic eosinophilic gastroenteritis in the horse. Vet Pathol 19 (5), 486-496 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Rose R J & Hodgson D R (1993) Manual of Equine Practice. Saunders. ISBN 0 7216 3739 6.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code