Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Vaginal examination

Contributor(s): Autumn P Davidson

Introduction

  • For diagnosis of stage of estrus and vaginal pathology.

Uses

  • For diagnosis of:
    • Vaginitis Vaginitis.
    • Foreign bodies.
    • Vaginal injury or neoplasia, especially transmissible venereal tumors Vaginal neoplasia.
    • Passive dystocia Dystocia.
    • Stage of the estrous cycle.
    • Vaginal strictures.
    • Trans cervical insemination.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Lindsay F E F (1990) Postuterine Endoscopy in the Bitch. In:Small Animal Endoscopy. Tamms T R (ed), St Louis: Mosby. pp 327. (Good review of the technique and findings during endoscopy. Moderately good photographs.)
  • Soderberg S F (1986) Vaginal Disorders. In:Reproduction and Periparturient Care. Johnson C A (ed), London: W B Saunders. pp 543-559. (Although not recent, still an excellent review.)
  • Wilson M (March 2001) Transcervical inscrimination. VCNA.


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