Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Ureter: anastomosis

Contributor(s): Rosa Ragni

Introduction

Ureteric trauma - avulsion at the bladder
  • Avulsed ureters may be reimplanted (see ectopic ureter Ureter: ectopic ).
  • Where the distal ureter is traumatized beyond repair it may be appropriate to consider uretero-ureteric anastomosis, or the creation of a vesicular conduit by making a pouch from the bladder wall.
Ureteric trauma - other sites
  • Transected ureters may be repaired by end-to-end anastomosis.
  • Alternatives: anastomosis to contralateral ureter, ureteronephrectomy Ureteronephrectomy.

Uses

  • To re-establish urine flow from the kidney into the urinary bladder.

Advantages

  • Preserves renal function.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Depends on site and extent of injury.
  • Early diagnosis and repair improves prognosis.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Adin C A, Scansen B A (2011) Complications of upper urinary tract surgery in companion animals. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 41 (5), 869-888 PubMed.
  • Savvas I, Rallis T, Raptopoulos D (2009) The effect of pre-anesthetic fasting time and type of food on gastric content volume and acidity in dogs. Vet Anesthes Analg 36 (6), 539-546 PubMed.
  • Lanz O I, Waldron D R (2000) Renal and ureteral surgery in dogs. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract 15 (1), 1-10 PubMed.
  • McLoughlin M A, Chew D J (2000) Diagnosis and surgical management of ectopic ureters. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract 15 (1), 17-24 PubMed.
  • Perchman R D Jr. (1982) Urinary tract trauma in dogs and cats - A review. JAAHA 18 (1), 33-40 VetMedResource.
  • Klein L J & Thornton G W (1971) Radiographic diagnosis of urinary tract trauma. JAAHA 7, 318.
  • Cass A S, Schmaelzle J F, Hinman F Jr. (1968) Ureteral anastomosis in the dog comparing continuous sutures with interrupted sutures. Invest Urol (1), 94-7 PubMed.


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