Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Radiography: vaginourethrography

Contributor(s): Barbara J Watrous

Introduction

  • Allows visualization of vagina and urethra.

Uses

  • Investigation of lower urinary tract disease:
  • Investigation of vaginal discharge.
  • Investigation of urinary incontinence Urinary incontinence.
  • Investigation of physical vaginal abnormalities, eg neoplasia Urethra neoplasia  stricture -  retrograde vaginourethrogram Vagina neoplasia - retrograde vaginourethrogram stenosis.

Advantages

  • Simple and quick to do.

Disadvantages

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Holt P E, Gibbs C & Latham J (1984) An evaluation of positive contrast vaginourethrography as a diagnostic aid in the bitch. JSAP 25 (9), 531-549 Wiley Online Library.
  • Johnston G R, Stevens J B, Jessen C R et al (1983) Complications of retrograde contrast urethrography in dogs and cats. Am J Vet Res 44 (7), 1248-1256 PubMed.
  • Feeney D A, Thrall D E, Barber D L et al (1979) Normal excretory urogram - effect of dose, time and individual dog variation. Am J Vet Res 40 (11), 1596-1604 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Silverman S & Long C D (2000) The diagnosis of urinary incontinence and abnormal urination in dogs and cats. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 30 (2), 427-48 PubMed.


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