Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Radiography: urethrography

Contributor(s): Barbara J Watrous

Introduction

  • Radiography following injection of contrast into urethra.
  • Allows visualization of urethra.

Uses

  • Investigation of dysuria.
  • Investigation of hematuria Hematuria of suspected lower urinary tract origin.
  • Investigation of urinary obstruction, eg urethral calculi Urethra calculi (male) - radiograph lateral.
  • Allows identification of patency of urethra Urethra: obstruction.
  • Assessment of presence of urethral disease.
  • Post-trauma, allows identification of urethal rupture Urethra: rupture.
  • Investigation of urinary incontinence Urinary incontinence.
  • May give information on bladder disease if unable to pass catheter due to urethral obstruction Bladder neoplasia - radiograph.
  • Investigation of prostatic disease Prostate disease.

Disadvantages

  • May not identify functional urethral obstructions, eg urethral spasm, reflex dyssynergia.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Johnston G R, Stevens J B, Jessen C R et al (1983) Complications of retrograde contrast urethrography in dogs and cats. Am J Vet Res 44 (7), 1248-1256 PubMed.
  • Barsanti J A, Crowell W, Losonsky J et al (1981) Complications of bladder distention during retrograde urethrography. Am J Vet Res 42 (5), 819-821 PubMed.
  • Ackerman N (1980) Use of the pediatric Foley catheter for positive-contrast retrograde urethrography. Mod Vet Pract 61 (8), 684-686 PubMed.
  • Ticer J W, Spencer C P & Ackerman N (1980) Positive contrast retrograde urethrography - a useful procedure for evaluating urethral disorders in the dog. Vet Radiol 21 (1), 2-11 Wiley Online Library.

Organisation(s)

  • American College of Veterinary Radiology, Dr M Bernstein, Executive Director, P.O.Box 87, Blencoe, IL 60022, USA. www.acur.ucdauis.edn.


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