Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Radiography: large intestine contrast

Synonym(s): Barium enema

Contributor(s): Barbara J Watrous

Introduction

  • Retrograde administration of positive, negative or a combination of contrast agents into the large intestine provides information about the intestinal lumen.

Uses

  • Investigation of:
    • Tenesmus, eg colitis Large intestine severe colitis - barium.
    • Large bowel diarrhea Diarrhea: chronic.
    • Hematechezia.
    • Suspected intussusception Intussusception.
    • Position of colon in relation to caudal abdomen/pelvic masses.
    • Suspected large intestinal obstruction, eg colonic mass Large intestine colonic tumor - barium.

Advantages

  • Relatively simple procedure in most practices.
  • Inexpensive.

Disadvantages

  • Messy.
  • Time consuming.
  • May give limited information.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Brawner W R & Bartels J E (1983) Contrast radiography of the digestive tract. Indications, techniques, and complications.​ Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 13 (3), 599-626 PubMed.
  • Nyland T G & Ackerman N (1978) Pneumocolon - a diagnostic aid in abdominal radiography. J A Vet Radiol Soc 19 (6), 203-209 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Thrall D E (1998) The Textbook of Veterinary Diagnostic Radiology. 3rd edn. pp 560-570.

Organisation(s)

  • American College of Veterinary Radiology, Executive Director, Dr M Berstein, P O Box 87, Glencoe, IL 60022, USA. www.acvr.ucdavis.edu


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