Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Nephrotomy

Synonym(s): Nephrolithotomy

Contributor(s): Rosa Ragni

Introduction

  • Approach to the renal collecting system via the parenchyma.

Uses

Advantages

  • Rapid removal of renal uroliths Kidney calculi - radiograph VD (versus medical dissolution).

Disadvantages

  • Damage to renal parenchyma.
  • Renal function impaired (up to 20-40%) for short period.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Urolith recurrence very common.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Adin C A, Scansen B A (2011) Complications of upper urinary tract surgery in companion animals. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 41 (5), 869-888 PubMed.
  • Lanz O I, Waldron D R (2000) Renal and ureteral surgery in dogs. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract 15 (1), 1-10 PubMed.
  • Gookin J L, Stone E A, Spaulding K A et al (1996) Unilateral nephrectomy in dogs with renal disease: 30 cases (1985-1994). JAVMA 208 (12), 2020-2026 PubMed.


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