Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Gastropexy: belt loop

Contributor(s): Andrew Gardiner, Zoe Halfacree, Jill Sammarco

Introduction

  • Permanent fixation of the stomach in its normal location by attachment to the right body wall using the 'belt-loop' gastropexy technique.

Uses

  • Prevention of recurrence of gastric dilation with volvulus Stomach: gastric dilatation / volvulus (GDV) syndrome (GDV) after stabilization of these patients and repositioning of the stomach.
  • Surgical prophylaxis for GDV in high risk patients, eg susceptible breed of dog encountering dilations without volvulus.
  • Gastropexies may be performed as part of the treatment for hiatal hernia Hiatal hernia (fundus attached to left body wall).

Advantages

  • The belt-loop technique effectively prevents GDV.
  • Technically fairly straightforward.
  • The gastric lumen is not entered.

Disadvantages

  • Belt-loop technique is not as strong as a circumcostal gastropexy.
    Despite this, if performed according to recommendations the belt-loop technique should however be effective.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Good: most gastropexy techniques successfully prevent rotation of the stomach.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Allen P & Paul A (2014) Gastropexy for prevention of gastric dilatation-volvulus in dogs: history and techniques. Top Companion Anim Med 29 (3), 77-80 PubMed.

Other sources of information


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