Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Eye: enucleation

Contributor(s): David L Williams, Natasha Mitchell

Introduction

  • Enucleation involves surgical removal of the globe, third eyelid, conjunctiva, and eyelids.
  • The procedure is indicated if the eye is irreversibly blind and painful, has evidence of intra-ocular tumor, is damaged excessively after proptosis or is affected by untreatable intraocular inflammation (panophthalmitis) or intraocular infection.
    Print off the owner factsheet on Enucleation Enucleation to give to your client.

Uses

Advantages

  • Removes site of pain and/or infection.
  • Provides an opportunity for diagnosis through histopathology of the excised tissue. This may allow an opportunity to save the other eye or treat previously undiagnosed systemic disease.

Disadvantages

  • No prospect of restoring sight.
  • May leave a depression at the site of the orbit that the owner might consider unslightly.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Aftercare

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Kuhns E (1976) Enucleation of the eye by subconjunctival ablation. Vet Med Small Anim Clin 71 (10), 1433-1440 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Gelatt K N & Gelatt J P (2011) Veterinary Ophthalmic Surgery. Elsevier Saunders, St Louis. Pp 60-66.
  • McLaughlin S (1990) Evisecration and implantation of intrascleral prosthesis. In: Current techniques in small animal surgery. Ed. M Bojrab. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.
  • Moore C (1990) Orbital exenteration and insertion of intra-orbital prosthesis. In: Current techniques in small animal surgery. Ed. M Bojrab. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.
  • Wolf E (1990) Enucleation of the globe. In: Current techniques in small animal surgery. Ed. M Bojrab. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.


ADDED