Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Enteroscopy

Contributor(s): Ken Harkin, James Simpson

Introduction

Uses



Most difficult of all endoscopic procedures.
  • Examination of the small intestinal mucosa.
  • Collection of small intestinal biopsy samples.
  • Collection of duodenal aspirate for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) Antibiotic-responsive diarrhea (ARD) detection.
  • Investigation of:

Advantages

  • Non-invasive technique requiring no surgical intervention.
  • Well-tolerated by sick dogs which would be unsuitable for laparotomy.
  • Requires only light general anesthesia → rapid recovery.
  • Good visualization of the alimentary mucosa.
  • Follow-up examination well-tolerated and useful for assessing response to treatment.

Disadvantages

  • Will not detect pathology lying under the mucosa.
  • Does not detect motility disorders.
  • Not routinely possible to examine the entire small intestine.
  • Cannot carry out surgical correction compared with laparotomy.
  • Expensive equipment.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Willard M D, Lovering S L, Cohen N D et al (2001) Quality of tissue specimens obtained endoscopically from the duodenum of dogs and cats. JAVMA 219 (4), 474-479 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Simpson J W (1996)Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.In:Manual of Canine and Feline Gastroenterology.D Thomas, J W Simpson & E J Hall (eds), BSAVA, Cheltenham. p 20.
  • Tams T R (1990)Small Animal Endoscopy.C V Mosby, St Louis.

Organisation(s)

  • Key-Med UK Ltd, Keymed House, Stock Road, Southend-on-Sea, Essex SS2 5QH, UK.
  • Arnolds Veterinary Products, Cartmel Drive, Harlescott, Shrewsbury SY1 3TB, UK.
  • Veterinary Endoscope Services, alder House, High Road, Rayleigh, Essex SS6 7SA, UK.


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