Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Cystotomy

Contributor(s): Lori Ludwig, Rosa Ragni, Dick White

Introduction

  • To access bladder lumen.

Uses

Indications

Advantages

  • Easy to perform.
  • Minimal morbidity.
  • Requires minimal equipment.

Disadvantages

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Generally good for routine cystotomy although depends on reason for surgery.
  • Poor for bladder neoplasia Bladder: neoplasia.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Osbourne C A, Lulich J P, Kruger J M et al (2008) Analysis of 451,891 canine uroliths, feline uroliths, and feline urethral plugs from 1981 to 2007: perspectives from the Minnesota Urolith Center. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 39 (1), 183-97 PubMed.
  • Houston D M, Moore A E, Favrin M G et al (2004) Canine urolithiasis: a look at over 16,000 urolith submissions to the Canadian Veterinary Urolith Centre from February 1998 to April 2003. Can Vet J 45 (3), 225-230 PubMed.
  • Collins R L, Birchard S J, Chew D J et al (1998) Surgical treatment of urate calculi in Dalmatians - 38 cases (1980-1995). JAVMA 213 (6), 833-838 PubMed.
  • Schiller T D, Stone E A & Gupta B S (1993) In vitro loss of tensile strength and elasticity of five absorbable suture materials in sterile and infected canine urine. Vet Surg 22 (3), 208-12 PubMed.
  • Peterson S L (1991) Cystotomy closure - a comparison of the strength of appositional and inverting suture patterns. Vet Surg 20 (2), 83 PubMed.
  • Radasch R M, Merkley D F, Wilson J W et al (1990) Cystotomy closure. A comparison of the strength of appositional and inverting suture patterns. Vet Surg 19 (4), 283-288 PubMed.
  • Crowe D T (1986) Ventral vs dorsal cystotomy - an experimental investigation. JAAHA 22 (3), 382-86 VetMedResource.
  • Desch J P, Wagner S D (1986) Urinary bladder incisions in dogs: comparison of ventral and dorsal. Vet Surg 15 (2), 153-155 VetMedResource.
  • Stone E A (1984) Surgical therapy for urolithiasis. Vet Clin North Am Sm Anim Pract 14 (1), 77-92 PubMed.


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