ISSN 2398-2942      

Cystocentesis: ultrasound-guided

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Introduction

  • Collection of an uncontaminated urine sample in patients.

Uses

Advantages

  • Decreased risk of complications compared to blind technique.
  • In most animals can be performed without the need of general anesthesia.

Disadvantages

  • Requires co-operative patient (or sedation Sedation / sedative protocols ).
  • Cannot be performed if bladder completely empty and should not be performed in patients with suspected bladder transitional cell carcinoma Bladder: neoplasia (due to risk of seeding tumor along needle track).
  • Emphysematous cystitis Cystitis may make technique difficult due to reverberation artifacts preventing visualization of the needle tip.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Vignoli M, Saunders J H (2011) Image-guided interventional procedures in the dog and cat. Vet J 187 (3), 297-303 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Rosenblatt A, Webster N (2012)Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspirates and cystocentesis - skills and pointers.Veterinary Times42, 12-15.

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