Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Colonoscopy

Contributor(s): Ken Harkin, James Simpson

Introduction

Uses

  • Examination of the colonic and rectal mucosa.
  • Collection of colonic mucosal biopsy samples.
  • Investigation of:
    • Chronic diarrhea.
    • Hematochezia.
    • Dyschezia.
    • Tenesmus.

Advantages

  • Non-invasive technique requiring no surgical intervention.
  • Well-tolerated by sick dogs which would be unsuitable for laparotomy.
  • Requires only light general anesthesia or heavy sedation - rapid recovery.
  • Good visualization of the alimentary mucosa.
  • Follow-up examination well-tolerated and useful for assessing response to treatment.

Disadvantages

  • Will not detect pathology lying under the mucosa.
  • Not routinely possible to examine the small intestine.
  • Cannot carry out surgical correction compared with laparotomy.
  • Expensive equipment.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Simpson J W (1996) Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. In: Manual of Canine and Feline Gastroenterology. D Thomas, J W Simpson, E J Hall (editors), BSAVA, Cheltenham. p 20.
  • Tams T R (1990) Small Animal Endoscopy. C V Mosby, St Louis.

Organisation(s)

  • Key-Med UK Ltd, Keymed House, Stock Road, Southend-on-Sea, Essex SS2 5QH, UK.
  • Arnolds Veterinary Products, Cartmel Drive, Harlescott Shrewsbury SY1 3TB, UK.
  • Veterinary Endoscope Services, Alder House, High Road, Rayleigh, Essex SS6 7SA, UK.


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