Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Cleft palate repair

Synonym(s): Oronasal fistula; secondary cleft

Contributor(s): Andrew Gardiner

Introduction

  • Surgical correction of a congenital defect in the hard and soft palates which allows communication between the oral and nasal cavities.
Definitions
  • Primary palate- the lip and pre-maxilla Cleft lip and palate.
  • See relevant component for correction of primary cleft, also known as hare lip Harelip.
  • Secondary palate- the hard and soft palates Soft palate: cleft.

Uses

  • In young animals which survive until old enought for this surgery (at approximately 3 months), the technique can be very successful, however more than one procedure may be required to achieve complete closure.
    Check patients thoroughly for other congenital anomalies.

Advantages

  • Successful surgery should result in resolution of clinical signs (usually rhinitis Rhinitis , poor growth rate and possibly aspiration pneumonia Lung: aspiration pneumonia ).

Disadvantages

  • Surgery is more successful when delayed until a young patient is at least 8 weeks old. Intensive supportive therapy may be required in the interim.
  • Some neonates may die, or the owner/breeder may elect for euthanasia due to poor growth or complications asociated with aspiration of food/milk.
  • More than one surgical procedure may be required.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Waldron D R & Martin R A (1991) Cleft palate repair. Prob Vet Med (2), 142-52 PubMed.


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