Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Castration

Synonym(s): Orchiectomy

Contributor(s): Andrew Gardiner, Jill Sammarco

Introduction

  • Surgical removal of the testes via a prescrotal incision and 'open' castration technique.
    Print-off the owner factsheet on All about neutering All about neutering to give to your client.

Uses

  • Inhibition of male fertility and associated behavioral responses.
  • In the treatment of certain diseases influenced by male sex hormones, eg prostatic diseases Prostate disease , perianal adenomas Adenoma / adenocarcinoma and perineal hernias Perineum: rupture.
  • In the treatment of testicular Testicle: neoplasia , epididymal or scrotal neoplasia.
  • In the treatment of orchitis Orchitis / epididymitis.
  • In the treatment of congenital problems, eg abdominally retained testicles Testicle: cryptorchidism.
    In cryptorchid animals an inguinal and/or abdominal incision is likely to be required.
  • In the treatment of trauma to this region.
  • As part of the procedure of scrotal urethrostomy.
  • As part of the treatment of certain endocrine conditions and occasionally as part of the treatment to control idiopathic epilepsy Epilepsy: idiopathic.

Advantages

  • 'Open' castration, when the testicular tunics are entered and reflected, allows the surgeon to place ligatures directly onto the vascular cord and ductus deferens, thereby minimizing the chance of ligature slippage or loosening.

Disadvantages

  • An indirect opening into the peritoneal cavity is created; however under acceptable operating conditions, infection should not be a major issue.
  • Operating time is slightly longer.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Gourley J (1998) Early neutering of cats and dogs. Vet Rec 142 (9), 228 PubMed.
  • Michell A R (1998) Neutering and longevity in dogs. Vet Rec 142 (11), 288 PubMed.
  • Poole C (1998) Early neutering of cats and dogs. Vet Rec 142 (9), 227-228 PubMed.
  • Thornton P D (1998) Early neutering of cats and dogs. Vet Rec 142 (8), 200 PubMed.

Other sources of information


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