Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Bronchoscopy

Contributor(s): Philip Lhermette, Elise Robertson

Introduction

Uses

Advantages

  • Bronchoscopy can find tracheal collapse Trachea: collapse that cannot be diagnosed by fluoroscopy.
  • Direct visualization of lower respiratory tract:
    • Foreign body retrieval.
    • Site-specific sample acquisition for bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and brush cytology/biopsy.

Disadvantages

  • Requires general anesthesia in respiratory compromised patients. Presence of endoscope further compromises respiration.
  • Equipment expense including maintenance.
  • One size does not suitable for all patients, ie large and giant breed dogs require longer insertion tube length to go beyond carina. Large diameter endoscopes unsuitable for smaller patients - diameter is more often the limiting factor than length.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Aftercare

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Creevy K E (2009) Airway Evaluation and Flexible Endoscopic Procedures in Dogs and Cats: Laryngoscopy, Transtracheal Wash, Tracheobronchoscopy, and Bronchoalveolar Lavage. Vet Clin N Am Small Anim Pract 39 (5), 869-80 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Padrid P A (2011)Laryngoscopy and Tracheobronchoscopy of the Dog and Cat.In: Tams T R, Rawlings C A(eds)Small Animal Endoscopy, St Louis, Elsevier Mosby.
  • Levitan D, Kimmel S (2008)Flexible endoscopy: respiratory tract.In: Lhermette P, Sobel D (eds)BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Endoscopy and Endosurgery, Quedgeley, British Small Animal Veterinary Association.


ADDED