Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Blood: transfusion

Contributor(s): Danielle Coleman, Clive Elwood, Samantha Taylor

Introduction

History

  • 1665: First canine blood transfusion.
  • 1950s: Canine and feline blood groups characterized.
  • 1960s: Untyped, none crossmatched blood transfused in animals.
  • 1980s: Component therapy starts to be used and blood banks develop at US universities and emergency clnics.
  • 1988: First commercial US animal blood bank opens.
  • 2005 (Oct): Change in legislation in the UK which allowed veterinarians to apply for a license from the VMD in order to bank pet blood products.
  • 2006 (Nov): Animal Blood Register is launched, an online database where owners can register their pets as possible donors.
  • 2007 (Mar): Pet Blood Bank - the first UK charity animal blood bank opened to collect, process and supply blood across the UK.
Print off the owner factsheet Blood transfusion - is it right for my pet? to give to your client.

Uses

Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Transfusions may be a life saving procedure for patients and may 'buy' the clinician time in order to carry out diagnostic procedure and start appropriate treatment. The prognosis will depend largely on the cause of the underlying disease and its response to treatment.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Knottenbelt C & Mackin A (1998) Blood Transfusions in the dog and cat Part 1. Blood Collection techniques. In Practice 20 (3), 110-114 VetMedResource.
  • Knottenbelt C & Mackin A (1998) Blood Transfusions in the dog and cat Part 2. Indications and safe administration. In Practice 20 (4), 191-9 VetMedResource.
  • Hansen K (2006) Canine and Feline Transfusion Medicine. Veterinary Technician 411-422.

Other sources of information

  • Abrams-Ogg A (2000) Practical Blood Transfusion. In: Manual of Canine and Feline Hematology and Transfusion Medicine. Ed Day M, Mackin A, Littlewood J, BSAVA, Glos. pp 23-303.

Organisation(s)


ADDED