Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Biopsy: prostate

Synonym(s): Prostate biopsy

Introduction

  • Biopsy of the prostate gland by means of percutaneous or open surgical biopsy techniques.

Uses

  • Facilitates histopathological and bacterial culture/sensitivity-based diagnosis of prostatic conditions.

Advantages

  • Definitive diagnosis possible.
  • Percutaneous techniques are minimally invasive.

Disadvantages



Percutaneous techniques
  • Contraindicated in cavitary disorders, ie cyst Prostate: cyst , abscess Prostate: abscessation , since can result in rupture and dissemination of contents.
  • Representative samples may be difficult to attain with percutaneous technique, especially if ultrasound is not available.
Open surgical biopsy
  • Prostatic urethral damage is possible if care is not taken.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Depends on the histological diagnosis.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Chang S C, Anthony S, Koder P C et al (1997) Transrectal ultrasound guided manipulation of the canine prostate with minimum intervention. Lab Anim 31 (3), 219-224 PubMed.
  • Weaver A D (1977) Transperineal punch biopsy of the canine prostate gland. JSAP 18 (9), 573-577 PubMed.
  • Leeds E B, Leav I (1969) Perineal punch biopsy of the canine prostatic gland. JAVMA 154 (8), 925-934 PubMed.


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