Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Alveolectomy and alveoloplasty

Synonym(s): Alveolar ostectomy; Alveolar osteoplasty; Alveolar bone resection; Alveolar bone contouring

Contributor(s): Alexander M Reiter

Introduction

  • Alveolectomy (alveolar ostectomy) refers to removal of some or all alveolar bone surrounding a tooth.
  • Alveoloplasty (alveolar osteoplasty) is a form of aveolectomy performed to restore physiological contours of alveolar bone.

Uses

  • To facilitate access to and elevation of a tooth or crown-root segment during open tooth extraction or hemisection procedures.
  • To reduce the height of alveolar sockets during crown lengthening procedures.
  • To eliminate infrabony pockets in teeth with vertical alveolar bone loss.
  • To correct alveolar margin contours (eg smooth sharp, irregular bony margins) and harmonize alveolar processs architecture (eg remove bulbous and protuberant bone).

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Wolf H F, Rateischak E M, Reteischak K H, Hassell T M (2005)Color Atlas of Dental Medicine - Periodontology.3rd edn. Thieme, Stuttgart.


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