The muscular dystrophies (MD) are a group of inherited genetic diseases that gradually cause the muscles to waste and weaken, leading to an increasing difficulty walking. The best-known type in humans is Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). A similar type is recognised in dogs.
Many breeds have so far been reported including Golden Retriever, Rottweiler, German Shorthaired Pointer, Irish Terrier, Groenendaeler Shepherd, Japanese Spitz, Samoyed, Miniature Schnauzer, Brittany Spaniel, Rat terrier, Old English Sheepdog, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Weimaraner, Alaskan Malamute, Pembroke Welsh Corgi, Labrador Retriever, Boston Terrier, Cocker Spaniel and Chihuahua.
There is unfortunately no cure for MD as the disease will progressively get worse over time leading to loss of quality of life or life-threatening complications.