Despite evidence that dogs co-evolved alongside mankind, strengthening our ability to live closely with one another, sharing our homes and working environments, we continue to face communication struggles. These can lead to minor inconveniences, compromised welfare, or to a breakdown in the relationship altogether in some cases. The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, evolved from a wolf-like ancestor but through a fascinating and unique journey, has altered its social behaviour to suit its new niche. They continue to be a highly social species and have communication strategies that allow them to cohabit with minimal fighting. Your dog uses a complex range of posturing, vocalisation and scent to express themselves. Their view of the world can be hard to imagine since their sensory systems are beyond our capabilities.