Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Urinalysis: glucose

Contributor(s): Kathleen P Freeman

Overview

  • Presence of glucose in urine → blood glucose has exceeded renal threshold.
  • Usually the result of high serum/plasma glucose.
  • Can be due to low renal threshold, eg Fanconi's syndrome Fanconi's syndrome or primary renal glycosuria.

Sampling

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Tests

Methodologies

  • Immerse dipstick in urine until wet.
  • Remove and shake of excess urine.
  • Hold horizontally to avoid run-off between pads.
  • Read test at correct time interval.

Availability

  • All veterinary practices.
  • External laboratories.

Validity

Sensitivity

  • Can detect small amounts of glucose in urine (<85 mg/dl).

Specificity

  • Specific.

Technique (intrinsic) limitations

  • Multitest dipstick gives an inaccurate quantitative assessment of [glucose].
  • Ketodiastix provide better quantitative measurement for monitoring diabetic patients.

Result Data

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMedResource and PubMed.
  • Brobst D (1989) Urinalysis and associated laboratory procedures. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 19(5), 929-949.
  • McCaw D L, Fleming E J & Mikiciuk M G (1989) Interpreting the results of urinalysis - a key to diagnosing renal disorders. Vet Med 84(3), 281-286.

Other sources of information

  • Kaneko J J (1997) Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals. 5th edn. Harvey J W & Bruss M L (eds). Academic Press, Boston.
  • Duncan J R, Prasse K W & Mahaffy E A (1994) Veterinary Laboratory Medicine Clinical Pathology. 3rd edn. Iowa University Press, Ames, Iowa.


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