Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Peritoneal fluid: chyle

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd

Overview

  • Identification of chyle is based on gross appearance, cytology and presence of lipids.
  • Cause may be traumatic, tumors or obstructions causing rupture.

Sampling

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Tests

Methodologies

  • Gross color, turbidity.
  • Cell count.
  • Sudan stain for lipid.
  • Triglyceride and cholesterol levels.
  • If cholesterol to triglyceride ratio <1 = chyle.
  • Also, [cholesterol] in effusion <[cholesterol] in serum.
  • And [triglyceride] in effusion >[triglyceride] in serum.

Availability

  • Widely available at commercial laboratories.

Result Data

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • Fossum et al (1986) Evaluation of cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations in differentiating chylous and non-chylous pleural effusions in dogs and cats. JAVMA 188, 49-51.


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