ISSN 2398-2942      

Blood biochemistry: triglycerides

icanis
Contributor(s):

Kathleen P Freeman


Overview

  • Most common form in which lipid is stored.
  • Synthesized in:
    • Intestinal mucosa (exogenous triglyceride) → carried to tissues as chylomicrons.
    • Liver (endogenous triglyceride) → carried to tissues as very low density lipoproteins (VLDL).
  • Both forms hydrolyzed in capillary endothelium by lipoprotein lipase (LDL) and free fatty acids → taken into cells.
  • LDL activity increased by insulin, glucagon and thyroid hormones → lipemia may indicate decreased activity of one of these hormones.
  • Cloudy serum is caused by hypertriglyceridemia.

Sampling

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Tests

Methodologies

  • Spectrophotometric or enzymatic method: breaks down triglyceride and measures glycerol produced.

Availability

  • Widely available.

Technique (intrinsic) limitations

  • Results only significant when interpreted in conjunction with other laboratory results.

Result Data

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMedResource and PubMed.
  • Chikamune T (1998) Lipoprotein profile in canine pancreatitis induced with oleic acid. J Vet Med Sci 60 (4), 413-421.
  • Ford R B (1993) Ideopathic hyperchylomicronemia in Miniature Schnauzers. JSAP 39, 488.
  • Watson T D & Barrie J. Lipoprotein metabolism and hyperlipidemia in the dog and cat. JSAP 34, 479 (Review).

Other sources of information

  • Ettiger S J & Feldman E C (2000) Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 5th edn. Saunders and Co, USA.
  • Kaneko J J, Harvey J W & Brass M L (eds) (1997) Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals. 5th edn. Academic Press, USA.
  • Duncan J R, Prasse K W & Mahaffey E A (1994) Veterinary Laboratory Medicine. Clinical Pathology. 3rd edn. Iowa University Press, USA.

MEMBER BENEFIT

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code