Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Blood biochemistry: bicarbonate

Synonym(s): HCO3

Contributor(s): Kathleen P Freeman

Overview

  • The bicarbonate-carbonic acid buffer is one of the most important buffer systems in maintaing normal pH of body fluids.

Sampling

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Tests

Methodologies

  • Measures total carbon dioxide released when sample mixed with a strong acid.

Availability

  • Widely available in commercial laboratories.

Technique (intrinsic) limitations

  • Test results only significant in conjunction with other laboratory results and clinical findings.

Result Data

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMedResource and PubMed.
  • James K M et al (1997) Effects of sample handling on total carbon dioxide concentrations in canine and feline serum and blood. Am J Vet Res 58(4), 343-347.
  • Szenci O et al (1991) Effect of storage on measurement of ionized calcium and acid-base variables in equine, bovine, ovine and canine venous blood. JAVMA 199(9), 1167-1169.

Other sources of information

  • Ettinger S J & Feldman E C (eds) (2000) Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 5th edn. Philadelphia: W B Saunders & Co.
  • Kaneko J J, Harvey J W & Brass M L (eds) (1997) Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals. 5th edn. Boston: Academic Press.
  • Duncan J R, Prasse K W & Mahaffey E A (1994) Veterinary Laboratory Medicine. Clinical Pathology. 3rd edn. Iowa: Iowa University Press.


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