Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Dietetic diet: for cardiac insufficiency

Contributor(s): Mark Rishniw, Penny Watson, Marge Chandler

Introduction

Name

  • Dietetic diet: support of heart function in chronic cardiac insufficiency.

Class of drug

  • Dietetic pet food.

Description

Nutritional properties

  • Moderately restricted sodium. Severe sodium restriction in cardiac failure is likely not beneficial due to the activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone mechanism. Hyponatremia Hyponatremia in dogs with CHF is associated with a poorer prognosis.
  • Increased potassium:sodium ratio.
  • Increased magnesium.
  • Increased water-soluble vitamins.
  • Increased taurine Taurine and l-carnitine L-carnitine.
  • Increased omega-3 fatty acids Omega-3 fatty acids.

Uses

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Indications

Administration

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Precautions

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Freeman L M, Stern J A, Fries R et al (2018) Diet-associated dilated cardiomyopathy in dogs: what do we know? JAVMA 253(11), 1390-1394 PubMed.
  • Belevych A E, Ho H-T, Radmila Terentyeva R et al (2013) Dietary omega-3 fatty acids promote arrhythmogenic remodeling of cellular Ca2+ handling in a postinfarction model of sudden cardiac death. PLoS One 8(10), e78414 PubMed.
  • Suematsu N, Ojaim C, Fabio A, Recchia F A et al (2010) Potential mechanisms of low sodium diet-induced cardiac disease: superoxide-NO in the heart. Circ Res 106(3), 593-600 PubMed.
  • Atkins C, Bonagura J, Ettinger S et al (2009) Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of canine chronic valvular heart disease. J Vet Intern Med 23(6), 1142-1150 PubMed.
  • Freeman L M, Rush J E, Markwell P J (2006) Effects of dietary modification in dogs with early chronic valvular disease. J Vet Intern Med 20(5), 1116-1126 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Roudebush P & Keene B W (2010) Cardiovascular disease. In: Small Animal Clinical Nutrition. 5th edn. Topeka: Mark Morris Institute.

ADDED